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Rapid syphilis tests have been shown to increase the number of pregnant women tested for syphilis.
However, increased efforts are still needed in most low- and middle-income countries to ensure that all pregnant women receive a syphilis test.
In addition, counselling can improve people’s ability to recognize the symptoms of STIs and increase the likelihood they will seek care or encourage a sexual partner to do so.
Unfortunately, lack of public awareness, lack of training of health workers, and long-standing, widespread stigma around STIs remain barriers to greater and more effective use of these interventions.
As a result, follow up can be impeded and care or treatment can be incomplete.
The only inexpensive, rapid tests currently available for STIs are for syphilis and HIV.
Symptoms or disease due to the incurable viral infections can be reduced or modified through treatment.
WHO develops global norms and standards for STI treatment and prevention, strengthens systems for surveillance and monitoring, including those for drug-resistant gonorrhoea, and leads the setting of the global research agenda on STIs.
When used correctly and consistently, condoms offer one of the most effective methods of protection against STIs, including HIV.
Female condoms are effective and safe, but are not used as widely by national programmes as male condoms.
Safe and highly effective vaccines are available for 2 STIs: hepatitis B and HPV.
These vaccines have represented major advances in STI prevention.