Dendrochronological dating of the uluburun ship

Peter Kuniholm of Cornell University was assigned the task of dendrochronological dating in order to obtain an absolute date for the ship.The results date the wood at 1305 BC, but given that no bark has survived it is impossible to determine an exact date and it can be assumed that the ship sank sometime after that date.The ship had at least 24 stone anchors on board, weighting between 120–210 kg, with two smaller ones of only 16–21 kg weight. The Cypriot ring base bowls and white slip bowls are also found in the Levant, Egypt, central parts of the Hittite Empire and in Mycenaean palaces in Greece.

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The Uluburun Shipwreck is a well-documented late 14th century BC shipwreck of the Late Bronze Age period, discovered off the south coast of Turkey in the Mediterranean Sea near the city of Kaş in the province of Antalya.

The shipwreck was first discovered in the summer of 1982 by Mehmed Çakir, a local sponge diver from Yalikavak, a village near Bodrum.

Eleven consecutive campaigns of three to four months' duration took place from 1984 to 1994 totaling 22,413 dives, revealing one of the most spectacular Late Bronze Age assemblages to have emerged from the Mediterranean Sea The shipwreck site was discovered in the summer of 1982 due to Mehmet Çakir’s sketching of “the metal biscuits with ears” recognized as oxhide ingots.

However, in , Kuniholm retracted his dating of the dunnage: "Caution should be exercised concerning a previously stated date derived from just two poorly preserved pieces of cargo/dunnage wood from the famous Uluburun shipwreck (refs). W., 2001; Anatolian Tree Rings and a New Chronology for the East Mediterranean Bronze-Iron Ages.) One opinion is that the ship was outbound from Cyprus (parts of which, at least, were then known as Alashiya), and carried a consignment of 6 tons of copper ingots (from the copper mines of Cyprus, verified by analysis).

The quality and security of the dendrochronological placement of these samples versus the Bronze-Iron master chronology are not especially strong." (S. The nationality of the ship has not been determined, since the articles carried were Mycenaean, Cypriot, Canaanite, Kassite, Egyptian, and Assyrian.

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